The Haflinger breed originated
in 1874 with the birth of the stallion 249 Folie, sired by an Arabian stallion
in the South Tyrolean Alps out of a mare from a Tyrolean mountain breed. All
subsequent stallions and mares can be traced back to that first entry.
Organized Haflinger breeding started in 1921 with the foundation of the first
"Nordtiroler Haflinger Pferdezuchtgenossenschaft". Since then the
Haflingers have been registered in an unbroken line, they must be purebred back
to the founding stallion. Today all seven bloodlines still exist, all Haflingers
worldwide still being traced back through these.
These seven Haflinger stallion lines descend from Folie. Five of the lines go
back via 54 Genter, a Folie son born in 1897, to the stallion liz. 42 Mandl,
born in 1904. Only the A-line can be traced back to Folie direct via Campi,
born in 1896, whilst the W-line goes back via Sarn, born in 1915, to 291 Jenner
and liz. 252/233 Haflinger to 249 Folie. Thus it was particularly important
to continue the A-line since this is of entirely different stock, descending
directly from the stallion Folie. Today, the A-line - it had become almost extinct
50 years ago - is the most important line of stallions worldwide.
Today, the Haflinger is bred as
a recreational horse, riding and driving qualities thus being required in particular.
Superb character and a well-balanced temperament are therefore particularly
What is required are the harmonious proportions of a universally employable
leisure horse together with an elegantly dynamic appearance. The head should
be dry and expressive with large eyes full
of charm. Breeding stallions and brood mares should respectively display marked
masculine and feminine characteristics. The color of the Haflinger ranges through
all shades of chestnut.
Head markings are desirable, but not a must. The white mane on the chestnut-coloured,
individually accentuated head is characteristic. The size of the Haflinger ranges
from 140 to 155 cm (13.2 to 14.3 hands). The head should be noble and dry, its
size in harmony with the horse, the neck long enough and light. Also desirable
are striking withers and large, sloping shoulders. The back should be of medium
length, elastic and well muscled and when in motion should combine rhythm, carrying
capacity and equilibrium. A long, slightly inclined, powerfully muscled croup
is also a breeding requirement.
The forequarters and hindquarters
should have clearly defined joints and be correctly set. The stride should be
long, elastic and rhythmic, the horse should cover the ground well and display
Source: Tyrolian Haflinger